Classifying NGOs

Darius Bartlett - DJB@UCC.IE

SIZE: some (e.g. Greenpeace, Oxfam, International Committee of the Red Cross, Medecins sans Frontieres) are large, multinational bodies, with offices in many countries (and often multiple branches within a single country), and large full-time and salaried staffs. At the other extreme, I know of a number of "NGOs" that are in practice one- or two-person operations, dependent on and run by entirely voluntary (perhaps even part-time) effort. "THEMATIC" SCOPE: in other words the types of events or activities they are primarily concerned with - is it environment/human rights/ social issues/other? Are they campaigning groups? Watch-dog organisations? Are they primarily concerned with education? Emergency relief and REactive priorities, or emergency prevention and PROactive priorities? Are they concerned with single and very focused issues, or do they have a broader, multi-issue portfolio? GEOGRAPHIC SCOPE: Compare large bodies such as Greenpeace, who take on issues fron global to local (but anywhere in the world) scale, with, for example, a European NGO whose work focuses only on a specific country or region or issue overseas (e.g there is an Irish NGO which focuses on development issues and human rights in East Timor); and then there are purely local NGOs, concerned with purely local "on our own doorstep" issues (e.g. protesting against a specific waste dump or factory).

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Comments and suggestions:
Hari Srinivas -