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Design for Environment


Minimise energy consumption during use by:
  1. using lowest energy consuming components
  2. using default power down mode
  3. the insulation of heating components
Decrease energy consumption during life
Minimise amount of consumables used during the use stage by:
  1. product design e.g. permanent filters instead of paper filters
  2. minimise leakage, e.g. by installing a leak detector
  3. reusing consumables, e.g. reuse water from washing facilities to flush toilets
  4. clear instructions to prevent misuse, e.g. by providing instructions on the product itself
  5. product design to prevent spillage, e.g. provide instructions on how often a product, such as filter cartridges, should be replaced, or by designing the filling inlet large enough to to prevnt spilling
  6. use of calibration marks to restrict required amounts of consumables, e.g. dosage for laundry detergents
  7. product design that stimulates sustainable behaviour, e.g. only reusable cups and no disposable cups provided at drinks dispenser or double sides copies default option
Decrease the amount consumables used by a product during its life
Optimise life time of product by increasing reliability and durability Decrease need for new products, hence decrease material and energy use for production
Design for easier maintenance and repair by:
  1. indicate opening instructions for cleaning and/or repair
  2. indicate parts for maintaining by colour codes
  3. make location of wear detectable on parts
  4. make vulnerable parts easy to dismantle and replace
Increase life span of a product by easier repair and maintenance
Design in modular product structureEnable upgrading, hence prolonging of life time, of products at a later date
Avoid designs with a technical life span which outdates the aesthetic life span Decrease disposal of operational products because of outdated aesthetic design
Design product to meet possible future needs of usersExtend possible life span of products
Minimise the use of:
  1. periodical consumables such as batteries, cartridges and containers
  2. liquid materials for maintenance such as cooling liquid or lubricants
  3. any consumables containing toxic or otherwise hazardous materials
Decrease use of consumables in any form during the use stage of the products life span
Minimise generation of gaseous emissions such as CO2 and tetraethyl lead, odours or any other undesirable emissions Decrease emissions during usage stage of life span

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