Implications of IWRM on other Sectors
1. Water Supply and Sanitation:
  • Emphasis on ensuring that the poor are served;
  • Commercial viability of utilities;
  • Separation of provider and regulator;
  • Increasing role of the private sector through a variety of methods, ranging from management contracts to full privatization;
  • Working with independent small-scale water providers and scaling up their involvement;
  • Developing approaches which distinguish between large cities and small towns;
  • Building on the emerging PSD ideas on output-based aid;
  • Emphasis on transparency of process and legal and institutional framework;
  • Capacity building for regulators;
  • Growing emphasis on sanitation and sewerage;
2. Irrigation and Drainage
  • Emphasis on greater physical and economic productivity of water;
  • Greater attention to basin-wide rather than farm-level efficiency;
  • Addressing the perverse effects of subsidies for pumping groundwater;
  • Linking irrigation reform with broader development strategies, with attention to the political economy of reform;
  • Linking irrigation reform with broader water resource management approaches, with increasing attention to water allocation and water rights issues;
  • Strengthening emphasis on greater productivity from existing investments, with attention to improved efficiency and conservation;
  • Upscaling user involvement through water user associations and improved accountability systems, based on successful global best practice;
  • Improving regulatory frameworks, financial viability, and improved performance through benchmarking, competition, and greater involvement of the private sector ;
  • Increasing emphasis on salinity, waterlogging, drainage, and water quality management in irrigation.
3. Energy
  • Reaching the poor with electricity services;
  • Stimulating competition among energy suppliers;
  • Commercial pricing and enterprise viability;
  • Expanded private sector participation;
  • Mitigate risks beyond the control of private investors and private risk insurers in energy supply;
  • Developing and strengthening objective, transparent regulation;
  • Spreading the lessons of reform from early reformers;
  • Reducing the CO2 emission intensity.
4. Environment
  • Promote better policy, regulatory, and institutional frameworks for sustainable environmental management;
  • Work across sectors to enhance the environmental benefits of projects and programs that provide access to infrastructure;
  • Greater attention to rights and market-based instruments;
  • Attention to water resource management and climate change;
  • Inclusion of environmental flows and ecosystem management in water management; Improve safeguard systems and practices;
  • Promotion of Strategic Environmental Assessments to move "upstream" in the decision-making cycle;
  • Promoting environmentally and socially sustainable private sector development;
  • Focusing on the positive linkages between poverty reduction and environmental protection;
  • Focus first on local environmental benefits, and build on overlaps with broader benefits;
  • Link the level of our efforts to our clients' overall commitment.

Source: World Bank Water Strategy, 2001
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