a. Water Use
b. Water Resources Management
- Problem Identification and classification:
What is the nature and type of problem the proposed project is intended to solve? Does it affect any important freshwater ecosystems? What are the main functions and sservices of these ecosystems?
Who are the actors (public sector, civil society, private entrepreneurs) and what is their role in decision making and execution of the project?
What are the principal characteristics of the water use environment that will shape the actions of the actors?
c. Water Policy Law
- Rules and their effectiveness:
What rules are now in place for utilizing water? For solving use and conservation conflicts? For allocation between users and generations? For water quality control? Water resources development, conservation and/or management? How effectively do they address the social, economic and environmental causes of water conflicts?
Is the approach project-based, subsectoral or integrated? Does it prioritize development or management, or includes both? Is it isolated, watershed or river basin oriented? Does it consider upstream and downstream uses and effects, including coastal areasif appropriate? Are there any groundwater resources and water quality issues and have they been considered?
Who are the actors involved in applying these rules and approaches and what role does each play?
- Coordinating mechanisms and its effectiveness:
What mechanism is in place to coordinate the implementation of rules, approaches, and decisions? How effective is it? What is its relationship to environmental entities at other levels? Does it adeuqately merge micro concerns at the operational level with macro concerns at the constitutional level (merging 'top-down' and 'bottom-up' approaches)?
- Are there, at the highest political level, adequate country-wide policy andlegal instruments that facilitate an integrated approach to managing water resources? Are there important constraints that prevent it? How could they be eased?
Source: Inter-American Development Bank, Strategy for Integrated Water Resources Management, 1998