An urban water management system cannot be achieved by a single organization in isolation. It requires the coordinated efforts of the local, provincial and national government agencies as well as NGOs and community organizations.
A sustainable water system will encompass issues such as:
- watershed protection
- ecosystem balance
- waste-water and biosolids
- sufficient and reliable water supply
- participation in planning
- recreational use to water
- Evolution and diversification
- Sustainable and long-term growth
Within this overall vision, an urban water management system will require, among other steps, the following action to be taken:
||Form Strategic Partnerships
- national agencies
- provincial agencies
- local/city departments
- non-governmental organizations
||Develop alternative water sources
- reclaimed/treated water
- water reuse
||Implement new technologies
- water fees/metering
- leak detection
- water auditing systems
||Engage the community
- community education
- local and regional planning processes
- outreach to cultural and community groups
- aquifer monitoring
- coastal marine environment study
- supply-demand forecasting
- pollution prevention
It is within this perspective that we need to ask eight questions to develop a compelling vision for sustainable water supply:
- Do we know how our local water resources are created and sustained?
- Do we understand howour community uses and impacts our water supply?
- Have we conducted a thorough assessment of our existing water supply system?
- Do we have a sustainable, long-range water plan?
- Have we involved the community appropriately in decisions that affect their water?
- Do we understand the technologies available to achieve a sustainable water supply?
- Do we have the capacity to drive the changes required by our plans?
- Do we have the expertise to operate and continuously improve our water system?
Source: Extracted from brochures of City and County of Honolulu