Brief Objectives of
International Conventions
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UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Article 2 - Stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system ... within a time-frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened, and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner.
Kyoto Protocol Industrialized countries have agreed to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases by, on average, 5.2 percent during the commitment period 2008-2012, relative to 1990.
UN Convention on Biological Diversity - 1992 Conserve biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources, including by appropriate access to genetic resources and by appropriate transfer of relevant technologies, taking into account all rights over those resources and technologies, and by appropriate funding.
Vienna Convention for Protection of the Ozone Layer Protect human health and the environment against adverse effects resulting or likely to result from human activities which modify or are likely to modify the ozone layer.
Montreal Protocol Protect the ozone layer by taking precautionary measures to control equitably total global emissions of substances that deplete it, with the ultimate objective of their elimination on the basis of developments In scientific knowledge, taking into account technical and economic considerations and bearing in mind the developmental needs of developing countries.
UN Convention to Combat Destertification Combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought in countries experiencing serious drought and/or desertification, particularly in Africa, through effective action at all levels, supported by international cooperation and partnership arrangements, in the framework of an integrated approach that is consistent with Agenda 21, with a view to contributing to the achievement of sustainable development in affected areas.
UN Convention on the Law of the Sea Establish a legal order for the seas and oceans that will facilitate international communication, and promote the peaceful uses of the seas and oceans, the equitable and efficient utilization of their resources, the conservation of their living resources, and the study, protection and preservation of the marine environment.
UN Agreement on Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Supplements the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention by reinforcing the management and enforcement powers of high seas fisheries management bodies and of their members. It introduces precautionary management methodology and requires that ecological and biodiversity concerns be addressed in management of these stocks.
Global Programme of Action for the Protection of Marine Environment Developed under UNEPs auspices, this program sets forth the approach by which nations can cooperate and build institutional capacity to achieve the aims of specific international marine agreements, such as the Law of the Sea, regional seas agreements, MARPOL, the Basel Convention, and the London Convention. It offers guidance for nations to establish targets to address a host of marine pollution issues.
UN Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses Provides a legal framework to ensure the utilizatien, conservation, management and protection of international watercourses and the promotion of optimal and sustainable utilization for present and future generations.
Convention on the Prior Informed Consent (PIC) Developed to provide notice and consent procedures surrounding the international trade in chemicals and pesticides by facilitating information about their characteristics, and by providing for a national decisionmaking process on their import and export.

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