Intrapolation and Extrapolation:
The dilemma of Global Policy-Making

Hari Srinivas
Policy Analysis Series E-133. May 2022

his presentation explores the dillema in intrapolating the decisions and agreements taken by member-states at the global level, (particularly at the United Nations), as well as the extrapolating of local concerns and problems to the global level so that data-based informed decisions can be taken.

It looks at the role of different stakeholdersand the variety of decisions to be taken at different levels of governance. It highlights the central position of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the extrapolation and intrapolation processes.

It proposes a matrix where different actions such as laws, legislation, rules and regulations (i.e. governance), awareness-raising and capacity building (i.e. education), and tevhnology, techniques and tech-skills (i.e. technology) will need to be implemented by governments, private sector companies, and civil society entities, at the global national and local levels.

    Please note:
  • The document is presented in a slide show format (PNG images). The 42 slides may take some time to download.
  • The slide show at present contains only slides, and explanatory text will be included later.
  • The slides are based on a talk presented at the Osaka University in Osaka, Japan in 2020.

Creative Commons License
This work by GDRC is licensed under a Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
. You are free to share and adapt this piece of work for your own purposes, as long as it is appropriately cited.
More info:


   Environmental Decision-Making