Pressing trends in waste generation:
Cities are facing an increasing growth in population, and shares in GDP growth, resulting in, among other things, increasing quantities of waste being generated
Due to varied lifestyles and consumption patterns, the quality and composition of waste has been more varied and changing.
Industrialization and economic growth has produced more amounts of waste, including hazardous and toxic wastes.
There is a growing realization of the negative impacts that wastes have had on the local environment (air, water, land, human health etc.)
Complexity, costs and coordination of waste management has necessitated multi-stakeholder involvement in every stage of the waste stream. This calls for an integrated approach to waste management.
Local Governments are now looking at waste as a business opportunity, (a) to extract valuable resources contained within it that can still be used and (b) to safely process and dispose wastes with a minimum impact on the environment.