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Urban Environmental Management

Slums and Squatters
   Urban Slums and

   Squatter Settlements

Cities, People and Poverty: Adopting a Rational Approach

Manifestation of income and other gaps in health, education, skills, etc. can be seen in slums and squatter settlements of most urban areas in developing countries. Slums are not 'problems' that have to be 'solved' - but are indeed a result of lopsided and vested urban policies covering land ownership, infrastructure provision and maintenance, and other socio-economic issues. And for the poor, they represent a solution.


Slums and squatter settlements represent a series of trade-offs between -
poor living quality
close proximity to jobs and markets
poor quality of houses
low affordable investment in housing
no housing
tenural insecurity
no access to infrastructure
informal and intermittent supply of urban services

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Contact: Hari Srinivas -

Between World Habitat Day on 3 October, and World Cities Day on 30 October, the world community celebrates "Urban October" - a series of events and campaigns to promote a better urban future. Urban October was developed to raise awareness, promote participation, generate knowledge and engage the international community towards a New Urban Agenda, in 31 days of promoting a Better Urban Future.

HIIIThe New Urban Agenda represents a shared vision for a better and more sustainable future. If well-planned and well-managed, urbanization can be a powerful tool for sustainable development for both developing and developed countries.

Almost half of the population of Mumbai (Bombay) live in slums or on pavements. UN-Habitat states that worldwide, the number of people living in slum conditions is now estimated at 863 million, in contrast to 760 million in 2000 and 650 million in 1990.