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Copyright Information 

GDRC maintains an Open Access Policy providing its visitors nonexclusive, irrevocable right to use its website content for any non-commercial use.

The Global Development Research Center (GDRC) is committed to making information about its policies, strategies, programmes and projects accessible to the public. GDRC is dedicated to freedom of information and considers public access to information a key component of its commitment to openness and transparency and its accountability to its audience.


Creative Commons License
All documents on the GDRC website are licensed under a Creative Commons.

© - Permission is granted to use local documents and other information directly resident in this website directory for academic, research and non-commercial purposes, provided that (a) the author is credited, and (b) a copy of the resource that uses GDRC's materials is sent to us for our records.

This copyright does not, of course, apply to information linked to from the GDRC's website. In such cases, the respective websites have to be contacted for reprint permission.

As with fair research reporting, please credit the original author for other documents, including those that are abstracted, reviewed, or summarized.

Authorship Please send an email to the address listed below if you have any questions, or intend to use any material.

Referencing web documents When referring to a document on the web, it is now accepted policy to use the following method:
[Limb, 2020: limb-l.html]

In bibliography:
Limb, Peter (2020). "Alliance Strengthened or Diminished?: Relationships between Labour & African Nationalist/Liberation Movements in Southern Africa." Retrieved from: <>, on 21 October 2020.

Every document/report of GDRC available on this website contains a sample "Citation Text" at the bottom of the page. Please use this text in referencing the document.

Copyright is not about copying. Its about reward for intellectual effort.

- Tony Barry in the <lis-elib> list.

Disclaimer Information          

GDRC would be glad to provide permission to reuse materials presented in the GDRC website. We would also be glad to assist in the creation of training materials and online eCourses using GDRC materials.

Opinions expressed in signed articles are those of the respective authors, and do necessarily reflect views and polices of GDRC. While attempts are made to ensure thematic relevance to GDRC's programmes and quality, all pages are presented as received from the respective authors, without formal editing.

As a courtesy, please send an email to the address listed below if you intend to use any material, along with a copy containing the document or reprint. Permission is usually, gladly granted, for non-commercial purposes.

Disclaimer of Endorsement Any information obtained from this website to a specific commercial product, process, or service does not constitute or imply an endorsement by GDRC, of the product, process, or service, or its producer or provider. The views and opinions expressed in any referenced document do not necessarily state or reflect those of GDRC.

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Report Fraud and Misuse          

GDRC depends on a broad network of its Virtual Fellows and Institutional Partners for its policy research work. As such, any instances of fraud, misuse or plagiarism of information may please be brought to the attention of GDRC's coordinator at . We undertake to investigate all claims and implement corrective action when such instances are confirmed.